"If your horse is in pain or badly injured, it may be dangerous or impossible to use an injection. A horse experiencing shock maylack the circulation necessary to distribute the drug to hisbrain or heart. For this reason, veterinarians may need a backup.
"A .22-caliber pistol is a good choice.
"The gun should be placed perpendicular to the forehead in the center of an X formed by drawing a line between the horse's rightear and left eye and left ear and right eye.
"If done correctly, death is instantaneous. To make sure the horse is dead, the veterinarian will listen for a heartbeat and may check the eye for a reaction by touching it.
"Horses have a very sensitive corneal response. If there is any sensation, it will be felt in the eye. If a horse needs to be put down during transport due to illnessor a trailer accident, it's best to call the state police. They can put you in touch with a local veterinarian, or in extreme emergencies, can shoot the horse to end its suffering.
"The ashes produced by cremation of the average horse weigh 40 to 45 pounds. Along with the ashes, the owner receives a certificate stating that the ashes received are those of the horse.
"Cremation costs about $300, or about the same as the cost ofbackhoe service for burial."
-Ontario Ministry of Food and Agriculture